|Change the Paradigm|
The Hundredth Monkey Effect
The concept of the hundredth monkey effect originates with a story that Japanese monkeys spontaneously acquired a new behavior (washing sweet potatoes to get the sand off) once a certain critical number had acquired the skill. The story of the "Hundredth Monkey Effect" was published in the foreword to Lawrence Blair's Rhythms of Vision: The Changing Patterns of Myth and Consciousness in 1975, then by others including Lifetide , by Lyall Watson and The Hundredth Monkey by Ken keyes.
Critics, skeptics and "debunkers" claim that the scientific literature does not verify this claim. Bear in mind that professional "peer-reviewed" publications have gate keepers. Claims of so-called paranormal factors are not allowed in "prestigious", "respected" and "peer-reviewed" publications. Consequently, the story was passed on by more informal communication rather than in "peer-reviewed" and "peer-sanctioned" form.
The story of the Hundredth Monkey
This story is taken from the book Lifetide by Lyall Watson, pp. 147-148. Bantam Books 1980. This book gives other fascinating details.
"The Japanese monkey, Macaca fuscata, has been observed in the wild for a period of over 30 years. In 1952, on the island of Koshima scientists were providing monkeys with sweet potatoes dropped in the sand. The monkeys liked the taste of the raw sweet potatoes, but they found the dirt unpleasant.
An 18-month-old female named Imo found she could solve the problem in a nearby stream. She taught this trick to her mother. Her playmates also learned this new way and they taught their mothers, too. This cultural innovation was gradually picked up by various monkeys before the eyes of the scientists.
Between 1952 and 1958, all the young monkeys learned to wash the sandy sweet potatoes to make them more palatable. Only the adults who imitated their children learned this social improvement. Other adults kept eating the dirty sweet potatoes.
Then something startling took place. In the autumn of 1958, a certain number of Koshima monkeys were washing sweet potatoes — the exact number is not known. Let us suppose that when the sun rose one morning there were 99 monkeys on Koshima Island who had learned to wash their sweet potatoes. Let's further suppose that later that morning, the hundredth monkey learned to wash potatoes."
Then It Happened!
"By that evening almost everyone in the tribe was washing sweet potatoes before eating them. The added energy of this hundredth monkey somehow created an ideological breakthrough!"
"A most surprising thing observed by these scientists was that the habit of washing sweet potatoes then jumped over the sea — Colonies of monkeys on other islands and the mainland troop of monkeys at Takasakiyama began washing their sweet potatoes!"
So, is it true? Following critical review by a number of individuals, Watson admitted that he may have exaggerated but insisted that it was still a good idea. The popularity of the concept was powerful and worldwide. So was the controversy that it generated. Two important points emerge from the controversy. First, it is apparent that mass belief (in the hundredth monkey effect in this case) is a force of social change. Second, the necessity of taking responsibility for one's self, one's choices and one's life circumstances cannot be abdicated.
Another perspective is offered by Elaine Myers (The Hundredth Monkey Revisited: Going back to the original sources)
"Instead of an example of the spontaneous transmission of ideas, I think the story of the Japanese monkeys is a good example of the propagation of a paradigm shift, as in Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. The truly innovative points of view tend to come from those on the edge between youth and adulthood. The older generation continues to cling to the world view they grew up with. The new idea does not become universal until the older generation withdraws from power, and a younger generation matures within the new point of view."
"What the research does suggest, however, is that holding positive ideas (as important a step as this is) is not sufficient by itself to change the world. We still need direct communication between individuals, we need to translate our ideas into action, and we need to recognize the freedom of choice of those who choose alternatives different from our own."
There is additional evidence that individual consciousness can affect the mass consciousness.
Hagelin, J. S., Orme-Johnson, D. W., Rainforth, M., Cavanaugh, K., & Alexander, C. N. (1999). Results of the National Demonstration Project to Reduce Violent Crime and Improve Governmental Effectiveness in Washington, D.C. Social Indicators Research, 47, 153-201.
This research project was conducted in Washington D.C. to demonstrate the potential for reducing crime through the practice of meditation. Approximately 4000 practitioners of transcendental meditation (one of many types of meditation) came to Washington D.C. and practiced meditation for an 8 week period. The maximum decrease in violent crimes during this time was nearly 25%. The maximum reduction occurred when the maximum number of participants were present. Note that the criminals were not practicing meditation and had no idea that it was happening. This is an example of the potential for individuals to influence large masses of people through a "morphogenic field." It works both ways of course.
The researchers estimate that the number of advanced practitioners practicing meditation in an area that is required to effect this change is the square root of one percent of the population of that area. 10,000 is the square root of one percent of ten billion (the world population rounded up to an even number). In other words, a change in the operating paradigm of the entire world can be dramatically shifted by 10,000 individuals. One could see this as a sustained positive revolution without bloodshed, violence, or destruction.
Through an effect of "Morphic Resonance," the paradigm balance of the entire planet can be shifted by individuals who make positive changes in themselves, discipline and cultivate their Spiritual faculties, and intentionally extend their conscious intent to the whole. When the time is ripe for evolution and change, the local Universe becomes supercharged with energy. This energy can manifest its effect when there is a force or a nucleus of change around which it can precipitate. This is such a time. This is also a time of much challenge, change, and chaos. Within this brew, there are also other, less positive, nuclei around which energy can precipitate as well.
Peace is a shared experience, not an imposed one.
This subject illuminates several important points:
Be one of the 10,000.
The future is created in our minds. When we look forward into the future, it is sometimes wise to make some astute assessments and change course.
Science and technology are not good or evil but can be used for both. Who are we? What are we? What are we doing here? What are the secrets of life? Central to these questions is our connection to religion and Spirituality. The core is Spiritual faculties, psychic abilities, paranormal abilities, psi. How they are developed, suppressed, used or misused determines what we become; a dumb lump of flesh or a brilliant enlightened being.